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♥   What Should My Rabbit Eat?
♥   Good Pellet Food
♥   Proper Hay
♥   Alfalfa, what is it and can I feed it to my rabbits?
♥   Fruits and Vegetables
♥   Daily Food Servings
♥   Changing What You Feed Your Rabbit
♥   Rabbit Treats

What Should My Rabbit Eat?

The two most important items are GRASS HAY and WATER!

That said, feeding your rabbit a proper diet helps maintain their physical, emotional and mental health. A good diet should consist of a good quality pellet, hay, vegetables, and water.

Good Pellet Food

A good quality rabbit food should not contain Seeds, Nuts, peas, beans, corn, or pretty colored ingredients that attract the human buyer's eye. These foods are high in Fat and Starch and can interfere with the proper balance of your bunnies digestive system causing such problems as mushy fecal matter (mushy poop) , gas, intestinal blockage and other more serious health problems.

A good pellet food should contain:

14-20% Crude Fiber
13-14% Protein
3% min Fat
0.6% Calcium

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You should feed them once daily. Rabbits are nocturnal animals, feeding early in the evening is best, try to stay within the chart listed below. **NOTE: young rabbits (up to 6 months) should be allowed unlimited pellets, however, gradually adjust their food according to the chart below as they get older. This chart is to be used as a general guide line. If your rabbit is becoming too fat, or is thin and sickly looking, please check with your veterinarian.

Rabbit Weight   Daily Ration

2-4 pounds      1/8 cup
5-7 pounds      1/4 cup
8-10 pounds     1/2 cup
11-15 pounds    3/4 cup


By feeding your bunny pellets once per day, you can also quickly tell if your bunny is having problems or is not feeling well. A bunny will not eat if they are hurting or sick. Pay close attention to your bunny during feeding time, and if he/she does not appear to be acting like they normally do at feeding time, check your bunny immediately for possible tummy problems or any medical problems that might be causing pain. You could also check how your bunny is feeling by offering a small treat in the morning. Rabbits at the rescue have, on occasion, appeared fine for the evening meal, but overnight have developed a blockage. So, if they donít take their favorite treat, this could also be an indication that they are not feeling well. If a bunny has a hair ball or gas they need intervention immediately as these problems could cause their intestines to shut down and you could lose your bunny within 24 to 48 hours. Check with your vet for appropriate intervention methods.

Proper Hay

Grass hay is the most important food of a bunny's diet. The fiber in the hay helps keep the stomach and intestines functioning properly. Common occurrences of stomach and/or intestine problems with rabbits are hairballs, gas, or other intestinal blockage from items that cannot be digested. Unlike a cat, a rabbit cannot get rid of hairballs or other undigested items in the stomach and gut. Hay and lots of water help keep these things from building up and blocking your bunny's gut. Alfalfa and clover hays are loved by rabbits, but are too rich in protein and calcium to be fed regularly to adult rabbits. Excess calcium and too much protein can cause urinary and bladder problems in your furry friend. However, young rabbits, like young children do need extra protein and calcium for proper bone growth and health, so young rabbits (up to 6 months) can have extra Alpha. Feed Alfalfa sparingly and rarely to adult rabbits.

A good grass hay for rabbits are such types as Timothy (this is the best but hard to get in some states) or Orchard Grass Hay. Grass hay should be provided to your bunny in unlimited quantities. Make sure the hay you purchase is clean, green, and free of mold. Mold is toxic to rabbits, so if you see any indication of mold on anything you are feeding your bunny, throw it away!

Alfalfa, what is it and can I feed it to my rabbits?

Alfalfa is a flowering plant in the pea family that contains stems, leaves, and flowers and is loved by rabbits. However, it is too rich in protein and calcium to be fed regularly to adult rabbits. Excess calcium and too much protein can cause urinary and bladder problems in your furry friend. However, young rabbits, like young children do need extra protein and calcium for proper bone growth and health, so young rabbits (up to 6 months) can have extra Alpha. Feed Alfalfa sparingly and rarely to adult rabbits. See the article "What Should My Rabbit Eat?" for the proper hay to feed your bunny.






This is a picture of alfalfa compared to orchard grass hay. Orchard and Timothy grass hay are more appropriate for rabbits.






Fruits and Vegetables

Fresh green vegetables are just as helpful as hay in keeping your bunny's insides working properly. Starchy vegetables such as carrots should be given in moderation. Too much sugar and starch can cause problems not only with your rabbits weight, but also their fecal discharge (that mushy poop syndrome again)

Go to Rabbit Fruits & Vegetables for a list of fruits and vegetables that are tolerated by most adult rabbits. Some vegetables may cause mushy poop in some rabbit breeds. If you notice this problem when giving certain vegetables listed below, use them sparingly. See the chart at the end of the FRUIT / VEGETABLE list for suggested quantities to feed your bunny.

A list of Harmful / Poisonous Fruits / Vegetables / Plants is listed at the end of the acceptable list. If You Suspect Your Bunny Has Eaten Any Of The Following Plants, Or Your Bunny Ate A Plant And You Do Not Know What It Is, Contact Your Vet Immediately.

Daily Food Servings:

FRUITS - no more than 1 oz. to 2 oz. per 6 lbs. body weight
VEGETABLES Chopped - Minimum 2 cups per 6 lbs. body weight
PELLETS - 1/4 to 1/2 cup per 6 lbs. body weight
HAY - Unlimited supply

Provide your bunny with LOTS of FRESH water. If you notice that your bunny's feces are very small and hard, it could be an indication that he/she is not getting enough water. You can use a water crock or water bottle, which ever your bunny prefers, but make sure the water is clean and fresh daily, and make sure you keep the bottle and/or crock clean as well.

Changing What You Feed Your Rabbit

NEVER abruptly change the brand of pellets you feed your bunny. If you want to change brands, buy the new brand before the old food is gone and mix the food. For the first feeding, use about 1/3 NEW food to 2/3 OLD food. With each new feeding, increase the new food and decrease the amount of old food. This will ensure that your bunny's digestion does not get a shock.

Rabbit Treats

As mentioned above, STAY AWAY from those foods and treats designed to entice the human eye. Here are some examples of items to STAY AWAY from if you want your bunny to remain healthy.





This Fruit Suprise Bar indicates that it has an "Irresistible soft and chewy fruit center surrounded by select seeds, crunchy nuts, garden veggies and golden honey."

This is a surprise alright! DO NOT give your bunny seeds and nuts. Seeds and nuts can cause gas. Gas can cause your bunny's GI tract to stop functioning properly. This is a serious problem that could cause the death of your furry friend.






This Vegetable & Nut Variety Blend "provides essential dietary variety to keep rabbits stimulated and interested in their daily meal. Diverse mix of vegetables and select nuts."

Here you have it AGAIN - those nuts and seeds tend to make their way into a lot of the retail bunny foods. Your bunny is not a squirrel.





This cute Seed Flower treat says: "A delectable blend of select seeds and fresh fruits pressed into a flower shape. A fun and nutritious combination that promotes the natural chewing instinct."

May be cute, may look great, but seeds???? Seeds of any kind can cause gas in a rabbit.




Here are some "Healthy Bits that provide the crunchy, nutritious morsels small animals crave, combined with the essential nutrients they need, into a fun-to-eat crunchy treat. Wholesome ingredients such as, honey, molasses, papaya, carrot, apple, sunflower, and unique seeds...."

I'm not sure why these companies think these are OK, but here are the seeds again. Stay away from this one. If they would drop the seeds, they might have something here.

Before you buy a rabbit treat or food, make sure you read the ingredients. NO seeds, as little artificial coloring as possible (none is best), and as little calcium as possible.

Remember, it may look good, pretty and/or neat to YOU but that is not what is healthy for your bunny.

If you really want to give your bunny a treat, buy some carrots. That way, you and your furry friend can both enjoy healthy treats. We also use a bite of banana for our rescued bunnies. But, go easy on this treat as well. Bunnies LOVE them and don't know when to quit. Too much of this could give them mushy pop. Bananas are known as the "Fruit of the Gods" to bunnies. Or, you can also use apples, pears, and many other healthy fruits.

If you have any questions about rabbits and/or rabbit care that you would like answered, or any topics about rabbits or rabbit care that you would like covered, please email Diana at drabbitrescue@gmail.com
More articles to come, so come back and visit soon.........

If you like this site, and/or it has given you good information, there is more information forthcoming. If you have any desire to help this web site grow and expand, or can find it in your hearts to help the rescued rabbits, gifts are greatly appreciated.



Copyright November 2009, all rights reserved.
Diana's Rabbit Rescue, P.O. Box 2, Eastlake, CO 80614
email - drabbitrescue@gmail.com